Without an examination by your dentists early signs of oral cancer are difficult to detect.

Top Dentist in Brampton, Brampton Dental Offices, Dentists Brampton, Brampton Health, Dental info,What is Oral Cancer?

Oral cancer refers to all cancers of the oral cavity, which includes the following:

  • lips
  • tongue
  • teeth
  • gums (gingiva)
  • lining inside the lips and cheeks (labial mucosa and buccal mucosa)
  • floor of the mouth
  • roof of the mouth (palate)
  • the area behind the wisdom teeth

Most oral cancers are located on the sides of the tongue, floor of the mouth and lips.

Oral cancer starts in the cells of the mouth. Normally these cells are quite resistant to damage, but repeated injury from smoking, alcohol or even friction may cause sores or painful areas where cancer can start.

Symptoms

Oral cancer symptoms include:

  • a sore on the lip or in the mouth that does not heal
  • a lump on the lip or in the mouth or throat
  • a white or red patch on the gums, tongue or lining of the mouth
  • unusual bleeding, pain or numbness in the mouth
  • a sore throat that does not go away, or a feeling that something is caught in the throat
  • difficulty or pain with chewing or swallowing
  • swelling of the jaw that causes dentures to fit poorly or become uncomfortable
  • a change in the voice and/or pain in the ear


Your Dental Exam

Your dentist does more than protect and care for your teeth, gums and smile — your dentist can also help keep you healthy.As oral health experts, dentists are in a unique position to help in the early detection of many medical conditions, including cancer.Dentists are trained in medicine so they recognize the relationships between oral and overall health.
Most people see their dentist regularly, so your dentist is often the first health-care professional to have an opportunity to detect the many health conditions that affect your mouth. Many patients are not aware of the extent that a dental exam can play in disease prevention.Through the dental exam, your dentist can see if there are any abnormalities or changes in your mouth that might be indications of health problems, such as oral cancer or diabetes. At each visit, your dentist will conduct a medical history review and ask you about your current health.It’s important to answer these questions carefully. What you say can help your dentist alert you to potential health concerns that may require further investigation, diagnosis or treatment by a physician.

Without an examination by a dentist, most early signs of oral cancer are difficult to detect. If you notice a mouth sore or anything out of the ordinary that does not go away or heal after a couple of weeks, discuss it with your dentist.

Risk Factors

  • Smoking and chewing tobaccoparticularly if combined with heavy alcohol consumption
  • Heavy alcohol consumptionparticularly if combined with smoking
  • Excessive sun exposure particularly to the lip
  • Age people over the age of 40 have a higher risk of developing oral cancer
  • Gender men are more susceptible than women to developing oral cancer. In the past, men had a 6:1 ratio of incidence of oral cancer compared to women. However; this ratio is narrowing and is now closer to a 2:1 ratio
  • HPV more research is emerging that connects human papillomavirus infection — especially HPV-16 — with oral cancers
  • A diet low in fruits and vegetables fruit and vegetables have a protective factor that is believed to reduce the risk for oral cancers

Prevention

  • See a dental professional for a regular dental exam
  • Quitting (or reducing) your tobacco and alcohol use lowers your risk of developing oral cancer
  • When you are outside and exposed to the sun, use lip balm with UV protection and wear a hat
  • Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Brush and floss your teeth daily

The mouth has long been recognized as a mirror reflecting the health of the body. With regular visits to your dentist and good oral health routines, you will have lots to smile about.

Links

References

  1. Canadian Cancer Statistics 2013. Toronto: Canadian Cancer Society.

Dr. Elizabeth Dimovski & Associates – We Protect Your Smile!

Brampton Dentists www.dentist-in-brampton.com

905-458-6620

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THINGS EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW ABOUT ORAL CANCER

Jessica SAYS!
Health Canada has made the following statement: 

“A growing body of evidence suggests that Canadians are increasingly at risk for oral cancer. It is now the 13th most common diagnosed cancer in Canada. It is believed that extremely low awareness level on the risk factors and prevention behaviours, among the general population, and gaps in knowledge and practices on the part of health professionals that have contributed to increasing incidence and late stage diagnosis – often with fatal results.”…..”Oral cancer is both preventable and screenable.”

Approximately 70% of oral cancer is discovered at the late stage 3 or 4. Early diagnosis of oral cancer through screening and early detection is critical. Dental professionals are in a unique position to identify these lesions and give appropriate recommendations that expedite referral and treatment.


Risk factors related to oral cancer:

1 – Age and Gender – Men are more susceptible than women. Ratio of 2:1.
2 – High consumption of alcohol, especially when combined with the use of tobacco products (This includes smokeless tobacco, snuff, chewing tobacco, chewing betel quid, paan, areca nut, hookah, cigarettes and cigars).
3 – Prolonged exposure to UV light – Sun and tanning beds.
4 – Dietary factors – Diet low in fruits and vegetables.
5 – Chronic irritation.
6 – HPV infection (particularly strands 16 and 18)
There is an alarming emergence of an atypical profile. Historical risk factors are on the decline. The fastest growing segment of the oral cancer population is people between 20-30 years old who are non smokers. 70% of all new oral cancer victims have none of the historical risk factors.  This is attributed to the presence of human papillomavirus. HPV is the most prevalent sexually transmitted disease in the U.S., yet less than one third of the general population has even heard of it.

Oral cancer prevention:

1 – Reduce your alcohol consumption.
2 – Quit smoking and stop (reduce) using tobacco products.
3 – If sexually active be sure to use protection.
4 – When outside and exposed to the sun use sunscreen and lip balm with an SPF.
5 – Eat a healthy diet that is high in fruits and vegetables.
6 – Visit your dental professional regularly for cleanings and check ups.
7 – Brush and floss you teeth daily.

Brampton Dentist
Blog by: Jessica RDH

IN APPRECIATION OF YOUR LIKES AND FOLLOWS

We SAY – Thank you! In appreciation of your likes on Facebook and follows on Twitter today we donated another $276.00, making the total $576.00, for 2013, to The Canadian Cancer Society. Thank you for helping us make a difference.

LET’S MAKE CANCER HISTORY!
 
 
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